Windows profiles become larger over time - it’s an inescapable fact. This means that if you are using roaming profiles, logons (and logoff) will be longer and longer. It’s not just individual file sizes, but also the number of files stored in a profile that will make the synchronisation process slower.
One approach to reducing profile sizes is to exclude certain folders. A better solution is to ditch roaming profiles and use a third-party solution to manage roaming of the user environment.
However, there will still be folders that need to be roamed to maintain the experience that users expect when moving between devices (i.e. consistency). For those folders we can implement some maintenance to keep them at a manageable size - that is remove files that are not needed in a roaming profile (e.g. log files) or delete files older than a specific number of days.
Warning: there’s a reason that Windows doesn’t do this maintenance itself - only each application vendor will have an understanding of whether specific files are required or can be discarded (hence the roaming and local portions of AppData). However, as any experienced Windows admin knows - many vendors either don’t test for or don’t care about roaming scenarios, therefore I strongly recommend testing this approach before production deployment.
As a part of an upcoming version of this configuration, I’ve created a script that will execute at logoff, before the profile is saved back to the network, that will perform two actions:
- Delete all files of a specific file type in a specified folder, including sub-folders
- Delete all files older than X days in a specified folder, including sub-folders
So for example, you could use the script to delete all .log files below
%APPDATA% or delete all Cookies older than 90 days.
The script is extremely simple on purpose and I recommend testing thoroughly before implementing - use at your own risk; however feedback is welcome.
' Profile clean up - remove unneeded or old files before logoff ' -------------------------------------------------------------- ' Original scripts: ' http://www.wisesoft.co.uk/scripts/vbscript_recursive_file_delete_by_extension.aspx ' http://ss64.com/vb/syntax-profile.html ' http://csi-windows.com/toolkit/csigetspecialfolder ' Version 2.0; 27/12/2011 Option Explicit On Error Resume Next 'Avoid file in use issues Dim strExtensionsToDelete, strAppData, strUserProfile, objFSO, strCookies, strHistory, strRecent, objShellApp Set objFSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject") Set objShellApp = CreateObject("Shell.Application") Const CSIDL_COOKIES = "&H21" Const CSIDL_HISTORY = "&H22" Const CSIDL_RECENT = "&H08" Const CSIDL_NETHOOD = "&H13" Const CSIDL_APPDATA = "&H1A" Const CSIDL_PROFILE = "&H28" ' Folder to delete files from (files will also be deleted from Subfolders) strUserProfile = objShellApp.NameSpace(cint(CSIDL_PROFILE)).Self.Path strAppData = objShellApp.NameSpace(cint(CSIDL_APPDATA)).Self.Path strCookies = objShellApp.NameSpace(cint(CSIDL_COOKIES)).Self.Path strHistory = objShellApp.NameSpace(cint(CSIDL_HISTORY)).Self.Path strRecent = objShellApp.NameSpace(cint(CSIDL_RECENT)).Self.Path strNetHood = objShellApp.NameSpace(cint(CSIDL_NETHOOD)).Self.Path ' Main RecursiveDeleteByExtension strAppData, "tmp,log" RecursiveDeleteOlder 90, strCookies RecursiveDeleteOlder 14, strRecent RecursiveDeleteOlder 21, strHistory RecursiveDeleteOlder 21, strNetHood RecursiveDeleteOlder 14, strAppData & "\Microsoft\Office\Recent" 'RecursiveDeleteOlder 5, strAppData & "\Sun\Java\Deployment\cache" 'RecursiveDeleteOlder 3, strAppData & "\Macromedia\Flash Player" 'RecursiveDeleteOlder 14, strUserProfile & "\Oracle Jar Cache" Sub RecursiveDeleteByExtension(ByVal strPath,strExtensionsToDelete) ' Walk through strPath and sub-folders and delete files of type strExtensionsToDelete Dim objFolder, objSubFolder, objFile, strExt If objFSO.FolderExists(strPath) = True Then Set objFolder = objFSO.GetFolder(strPath) For Each objFile in objFolder.Files For each strExt in Split(UCase(strExtensionsToDelete),",") If Right(UCase(objFile.Path),Len(strExt)+1) = "." & strExt then WScript.Echo "Deleting: " & objFile.Path objFile.Delete(True) Exit For End If Next Next For Each objSubFolder in objFolder.SubFolders RecursiveDeleteByExtension objSubFolder.Path,strExtensionsToDelete Next End If End Sub Sub RecursiveDeleteOlder(ByVal intDays,strPath) ' Delete files from strPath that are more than intDays old Dim objFolder, objFile, objSubFolder If objFSO.FolderExists(strPath) = True Then Set objFolder = objFSO.GetFolder(strPath) For each objFile in objFolder.files If DateDiff("d", objFile.DateLastModified,Now) > intDays Then If UCase(objFile.Name) <> "DESKTOP.INI" Then ' Ensure we don't delete desktop.ini WScript.Echo "Deleting: " & objFile.Path objFile.Delete(True) End If End If Next For Each objSubFolder in objFolder.SubFolders RecursiveDeleteOlder intDays,objSubFolder.Path Next End If End Sub